The XENON1T experiment is currently being operated deep underground at the INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italyâ€™s Apennine Mountains. It is a 3,500 kg xenon detector operated to directly detect dark matter â€“ a mysterious form of matter that is thought to account for around 85 per cent of matter in the universe.
The XENON1T experiment recently provided unexpected results and scientists believe dark energy to be responsible for them. These dark energy particles may have been produced in a region of the Sun with strong magnetic fields. This may be an important breakthrough towards the first-ever direct detection of dark energy.