Why EU is putting sanctions on Russia and Belarus?

The European Union have agreed to put sanctions on Russia for poisoning the opposition leader Alexei Navalny and on Belarus officials, including President Alexander Lukashenko, for the repression of protesters.

Sanctions on Russia

Alexei Navalny was an anti-corruption investigator and a major political opponent of the Russian President Vladimir Putin. He fell ill during a domestic flight in August 2020. He was taken to Germany for his treatment which is still undergoing. During the treatment a test was conducted by the organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. They confirm that he become a victim of the novichok nerve agent.

Novichok nerve agents

In Russian language, Novichok means New comer. New comer is a group of advanced nerve agents. These groups were developed by the Soviet Union in 1970 and 1980. They have the potential to escape protection of international inspectors. While, the Nerve Agents are also known as the Nerve Gases. These are organic Chemicals which can damage the mechanism by which nerve cells transfer messages to different organs. This chemical blocks the enzyme acetyl Cholinesterase.

Sanctions on Belarus

Belarus has been imposed with the sanction of travel Ban against Lukashenko. He is the leader who  have been ruling Belarus since 1994. EU have put sanctions against him after he Locked Up most of the opposition candidates and chased the main Contender Svetlanda Tikhanovskaya to Lithuania.