Cyclone Nivar

After the Super Cyclone ‘Amphan’ that was formed in May in the Bay of Bengal, the region is expecting second Severe Cyclone of the year. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has predicted a development of a cyclone in the Southwest region of the Bay of Bengal, off the coast of Tamil Nadu and placed the state and Puducherry on ‘red’ alert. The name “Nivar” of the cyclone is proposed by Iran.

Key Points

  • In 2018, cyclone ‘Gaja’ hit Tamil Nadu and caused severe damages to the people and land. Cyclone Nivar is the second to hit the state in the two years.
  • The depression which was located about 560km from Chennai will strengthen into a cyclone. It will be named ‘Nivar’, as proposed by Iran.
  • After intensifying into a cyclone, with the wind speed of up to 90km/ hr, it will further strengthen into a Severe Cyclone category.
  • Northern districts of Tamil Nadu are estimated to face the maximum hazard. Heavy rainfall is also expected in the neighbouring states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka.
  • Odisha and the Southern Chhattisgarh will also come under the influence of “Nivar” with some rainfall.

India Meteorological Department (IMD)

Formed in 1875, IMD is an agency of Ministry of Earth and Sciences, Government of India. IMD is responsible for weather forecasting, meteorological observations, and seismology.  It is headquartered in New Delhi. The agency also have a responsibility of naming, forecasting, and issuing warnings for tropical cyclones in the Northern Indian Ocean region, including the Bay of Bengal, the Malacca Straits, the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea.

Latest Updates related to IMD

In August 2020, IMD organised a webinar series on “Hydro-Meteorological Hazards Risk Reduction” in collaboration with National Institute of Disaster Management.

IMD is also planning to use Artificial Intelligence to improve weather forecasting.

Written by IAS POINT

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