The 4,203-feet tall Mount Vesuvius, located in southern Italy near on the Gulf of Naples, is the only active volcano in mainland Europe. Mount Vesuvius was regarded by the Romans to be devoted to Hercules. It is one of the volcanoes which form the Campanian volcanic arc consisting of various active, extinct and dormant volcanoes in Italy’s Campania region.
Volcanic Eruption of 79 AD
Two sister cities of the Roman empire era- Pompeii and Herculaneum were destroyed and buried during a massive eruption of Vesuvius in 79 A.D, killing around 16000 people. The volcano flowed out a cloud of super-heated tephra and gases up to a height of 33 km, molten rock, pulverized pumice and hot ash at 1.5 million tons per second. A major earthquake in the city in 63 AD was like a warning for the eruption to come. Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum, and Torre Annunziata are UNESCO World Heritage Sites now.