Directive principles of state policy

“The concept of directive principles to be implemented by the modern states is fairly old: some sort of goal is set by the framers of the constitution to be achieved by the state, though the goal may be either implicit or explicit.

“The American Constitution of 1787 (adopted in 1789) sought to achieve is perfect polity based on justice and happiness of the people. “The French Constitution (1789) made the country a republic based on the declaration of rights of man and citizen. “The former Soviet (Russian) Constitution promised to build a socialist society. “The Constitution of the principality of Liechtenstein (1921) and that of the Spanish Republic (1931), for example, had certain references of directives issued for the state. “The framers of the Indian Constitution, inspired by the Constitution of the Irish Free State (1937), sought to make a ground for economic democracy in India through certain principles.

“Though the Directive Principles of State Policy, as contained in Part IV (Articles 36 to 51) are, as Dr. B.R. Ambedkar described them like instruments of instructions of the Government of India Act, 1935. G.N. Joshi says that they “constitute a very comprehensive political, social, and economic programme for a modern democratic State.” Our Constitution, while describing directive principles as non-justifiable, regards them fundamental in the governance of the country. According to Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, “… our object in framing the Constitution is really two-fold : (1) to lay down the form 60’Indian Polity and Governance of political democracy and (2) to lay down that our ideal is economic democracy and also to prescribe that every Government whatsoever is in power, shall strive to bring about economic democracy.

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