El Niño-Southern Oscillation
El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is climate phenomenon capable of changing the global atmospheric circulation, which in turn, influences temperature and precipitation across the globe. It is a single climate phenomenon having three states El Niño, La Niña and the Neutral. While El Niño period is characterized by warming of sea surface in central and easter tropical Pacific Ocean, a La Niña event makes the temperature of the water in the eastern Pacific Ocean abnormally low.
A study has found that the increasing carbon emissions can weaken the intensity of the ENSO temperature cycle. The finding was made using the simulation in Aleph one of South Koreas fastest supercomputers.