Maternal and Child Survival Rates: China

China’s health research institutions along with the Lancet report and other international colleagues from the UK, USA and Australia have reported about the country’s progress, since the year 1949, with respect to new born, maternal, adolescent and child nutrition and health.

According to the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI), in the last 70 years that country has made a significant transition from the stage where survival of women & children was priority to where children & adolescents now have similar health profiles similar to young Australians. China has progressed due to fast socio-economic development and reducing of poverty.

China’s capacity including the reorganisation of the social health insurance of the country and systematic public health planning has also contributed to the cause.

Population Policy

China’s population policy which also includes the previously implemented one-child policy has affected the country’s age structure. However, the country has increased its focus on the health of children and the young people. This scenario of investing in the future generations was also being followed in Australia.

Key findings of the report

  • As per study, there was a rapid reduction in maternal death ratio from the previously counted 1500 cases / 100,000 births in the year 1949 to 17.8 cases / 100,000 births in the year 2019.
  • Infant death rate has also decreased from the previously counted 200 cases/1000 births in the year 1949 to 5.6 cases / 1000 births in the year 2019.
  • Various elements such as quality postnatal and antenatal care, higher rate of vaccination during childhood and good health education imparted in the schools of the country has contributed towards China’s success regarding this cause.

Other concerns that have cropped up

As per the report relapsed, China has neglected multiple conditions such as advanced maternal age, infertility, stillbirth, child protection, sexual and gender-based violence and mental health. It has also neglected issues occurring from emerging infectious diseases like the COVID-19 virus.

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