Pilibhit Tiger Reserve

The Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is located in Uttar Pradesh’s Pilibhit and Shahjahanpur District, in the upper Gangetic Plain region.  The Pilibhit Tiger Reserve (PTR), one of the fifty ‘Project Tiger’ Tiger reserves of India.

Key Points

  • The territory, which is a part of the Terai Arc Landscape, comprises of Sal forests, tall grasslands and swamp and periodic flooding from rivers.
  • According to an estimate of 2018, Pilibhit district has more than 800 kilometer sq. forests, which is roughly 23% of the total area of the district.
  • The southwest boundary of the Pilibhit tiger reserve is marked by the River Ghaghara and River Sharda and the northeastern boundary is marked by River Sharda.

First-ever TX2 Award to Pilibhit Tiger Reserve

  • Pilibhit Tiger Reserve and the UP Forest Department have won the first-ever international award, TX2, for doubling the number of tigers.
  • The reserve is the first to receive the award among 13 tiger range countries. It has doubled the number of tigers from 25 to 65, during 2014 to 2018, in four years against a target of 10 years.
  • This tiger population of 65 in the reserve includes 57 residents and eight transit tigers.
  • National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has attributed this growth in the population of tigers in the reserve to use of M-STrIPE , forest & grassland management and strict actions against the poachers.
  • Uttar Pradesh has two more tiger reserves in Bijnor and Lakhimpur.

TX2 Award

TX2 award was set up in 2010 for achieving the global target of doubling the tiger population by the organisations working for tiger conservation namely UNDP, IUCN, Global Tiger Fund, and WWF among others.

Monitoring System for Tigers-Intensive Protection and Ecological Status (M-STrIPE)

M-STrIPE is a software-based system for monitoring of tigers across the Indian tiger reserves. The system was launched by the National Tiger Conservation Authority in the year 2010. Under the system, the forest guards are equipped with GPS devices and personal digital assistants which helps in collecting the data related to patrolling, tiger sighting, wildlife crimes, etc.

Written by IAS POINT

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