Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in its 17th session in September 2015 announced a set of 17 SDGs and 169 targets which will stimulate action over the next 15 years. s set of goals replaces the MDGs which were coming to an end in 2015 and aims to work on the areas which could not be completed earlier. e agenda highlights poverty eradication, combating inequalities, promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls as the ambient goal and has at its core the integration of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. is also calls for an invigorated global partnership for sustainable development, including multi-stakeholder partnerships, in addition to enhancing capacities of stakeholders in better quality measurement and compilation of data or information on sustainable development.
Domestically, many initiatives have been taken by India on climate change and sustainable development. India has submitted ambitious targets in its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) in the renewable energy sector, mainly from solar and wind energy. With a potential of more than 100 GW, the aim is to achieve a target of 60 GW of wind power as well as 100 GW of solar power installed capacity by 2022. Indiaï¿½s INDC is comprehensive and covers all elements, i.e. adaptation, mitigation, finance, technology and capacity building. The countryï¿½s goal is to reduce overall emission intensity and improve energy efficiency of its economy over time, at the same time protecting the vulnerable sectors and segments of the economy and society. The principle of equity and Common but Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR), historical responsibilities and Indiaï¿½s development imperatives, enhanced adaptation requirements, etc. have been a recurring theme in the INDC document. Indiaï¿½s INDC has been welcomed as fair and ambitious specifically on renewable energy and forestry sector.
India has also taken the initiative of setting up an International Solar Alliance (ISA), an alliance of 121 solar resource-rich countries, lying fully or partially between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. This alliance was jointly launched by the Prime Minister of India and President of France on 30 November 2015 at Paris, on the guidelines of the 21st Conference of Parties to the UNFCCC. The Paris declaration on the ISA states that the countries share the collective ambition to undertake innovative and concerted efforts for reducing the cost of finance and technology for immediate deployment of competitive solar generation and to pave the way for future solar generation, storage and good technologies for countriesï¿½ individual needs.
Successful implementation of the Paris Agreement, SDGs and the ambitious targets set out in the INDCs would require huge financing which cannot be met through budgetary sources alone. In this context it is important that the issue of mobilization and tracking of finance, with increased importance to adaptation and clean technology is adequately addressed.
UN-Habitat Global Activities Report 2017
UN-Habitat Global Activities Report 2017 covers the biennium 2015-2016. This period was marked by the adoption of the NUA, in 2016, within the broader context of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda agreed upon in 2015. New Urban Agenda The New Urban Agenda is an international political framework that refers to the adopted outcomes document of the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development also known as Habitat III. It establishes a mutually reinforcing relationship between urbanization and development, based on the understanding that these two concepts are inter-linked and should always be approached and treated as complementary.
Action Framework for Implementation of the New Urban Agenda (AFINUA)
The key action areas of AFINUA are briefly described below:
i). National Urban Policies: National governments need to set the rules of the game for cities, to support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning.
ii). Urban Legal Frameworks: Legal mechanisms are fundamental for the acquisition and maintenance of public space, provision of equity and financial stability. Attention must be paid to their adequacy and quality and to whom they are assigned and which level of functionality is being enabled. Therefore, they must be clear, precise and cost effective and support a framework of good governance.
Integrated Urban and Territorial Planning and Design
Planning and design operate in economic, social and environmental domains and have impacts on each of these domains. Effective planning and design depend on the principles of connectedness, inclusivity and resilience to deliver integrated results across activity sectors including land use, housing and transportation. Investing in better planning and design has major proven co-benefits for both climate change mitigation and resilience.
Written by princy