Toaleans are the early inhabitants of the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. These prehistoric people were hunter gatherers who hunted wild endemic warty pigs and harvested edible shellfish from creeks and estuaries. Researchers have long struggled to understand Toaleans due to the lack of securely dated human remains.
Bessé, discovered a few years ago, provided the direct evidence of the Toaleans. This is the first time the ancient human DNA has been reported from Wallacea. It confirmed that the Toaleans were the first modern humans to enter the region some 65,000 years ago or more.