National Youth Policy (2003)
The Youth Policy was reformulated by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports in 2003. The four thrust areas as recognized by the policy are:
(i) Youth Empowerment;
(ii) Gender Justice;
(iii) Inter-Sectoral approach; and
(iv) Information and Research network. As per the Youth Policy, the age group of the youth is between 13 and 35.
The National Youth Policy has the following features:
- To instill in youth faith for the principles and values enshrined in our Constitution.
- To develop qualities of citizenship and community service in all sections of society.
- To promote awareness among the youth, about the Indian history, heritage, arts and composite culture.
- To provide the youth with proper educational and training opportunities.
- To help facilitate access to health information and to promote a social environment prohibiting the use of drugs and other such forms.
- To sustain and reinforce the spirit of volunteerism among the youth in order to build individual character and generate a sense of commitment to the goals of development and nation-building.
- To create an international perspective in the youth and to involve them in promoting peace and understanding for a just global order.
- To develop youth leadership in various socio-economic and cultural spheres; and
- To promote a major participatory role for the youth in the protection, preservation and promotion of natural resources.
The draft national youth policy (2012), modifying the 2003 policy, has the following features:
- Draft NYP 2012 recognizes that youth is not a homogenous group and that there are numerous differentials based on their habitat, environment in which they live, and socio-economic status of the families they belong to and their own life style.
- The target groups identified are: (i) Student Youth (ii) Migrant Youth (iii) Rural Youth (iv) Tribal Youth (v) Youth At Risk (vi) Youth in violent conflicts (vii) out of school/dropouts (viii) groups with social-moral stigma (ix) Youth in Institutional Care. Young women, Youth Indian Polity and Governanceï¿½143 belonging to socially and economically disadvantaged communities/groups, and differently abled youth from the three priority groups among the target age group.
- The Draft NYP 2012 proposes to change the target age group from the existing 13-35 years to 16-30 years. This change is proposed mainly to realign the definition of Youth with the prevailing international definitions. The definition of Youth as per UN is 15-24 years and as per Commonwealth, it is 15-29 years.
- The concerns of target groups and the priority groups therein, shall be addressed through a subsequent action plan based on policy intervention mentioned in the thrust areas of this policy.
- Draft NYP 2012 plans to divide broad age bracket of 16-30 years into three groupsï¿½the first sub-groups will be 16-20 years covering mostly youth who require educational facilities; the second sub-group is 20-25 years who require access to employable skills; and the third sub-group 25-30 who require access to self employment and entrepreneurial skills.
- The draft NYP 2012 aims at empowering youth through skill development for enhancing employability and providing entrepreneurship opportunities through convergence with other Ministries/Departments.
- The thrust areas are promotion of national values, social harmony, national unity, empowering youth through employable skills, education, health, sports and recreation, gender justice, participation in community service, environment and local governance.
- The Draft NYP 2012 has monitorable indicators under five domains. Accordingly, Youth Development Index will include the indices viz. Youth Health Index, Youth Education Index, Youth Amenities Index, Youth Participation Index.
- The draft NYP 2012 advocates the establishment of strong coordination mechanism at the Centre and State Levels.
- The NYP proposes that Youth Policy be reviewed after every national census.
Written by princy