Nord Stream is a system of offshore gas pipelines that run under the Baltic Sea, connecting Russia to Germany. It is the longest sub-sea pipeline in the world. Nord Stream projects are opposed by the United States, Ukraine and other central and east European countries as they are wary about it increasing RussiaÂ’s influence in Europe and significant reduction of transit fees for the use of alternative pipelines in these countries.
On September 10, RussiaÂ’s state-owned gas giant, Gazprom, announced the completion of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline. Its addition may significantly increase the annual gas capacity of the Nord Stream.