Growth of Population

Growth of population is expressed in terms of growth rate which is the net change in population between two pointes of time expressed as per cent of population at a given period of time. Population growth is of following two types:

Positive Growth

When the population increases between two given points of time, it is called positive growth. It takes place when the birth rate is higher than the death rate or people migrate from other countries.

Negative Growth

The growth of population is called negative if the population decreases between two given points of time. It takes place if the birth-rate is lower than the death-rate or people migrate to other places.

Phases of Population Growth in India

The Table below shows that India’s population has increased more than four fold (407.64 per cent) from 1901 to 2011. It increased from 238.40 million in 1901 to 1210.1 million in 2011. It means that 971.7 million persons were added to India’s population during the course of hundred and ten years from 1901 to 2011. Following four phases are recognised in the demographic history of India:

Period of stagnant growth rate (before 1921), Period of steady growth rate (1921¨C1951), Period of rapid growth rate (1951¨C1981), and Period of declining growth rate (after 1981).

Decadal Growth Rates in India, 1901-2011

 

Population percentage decadal growth and average annual exponential growth rates 1991–2001 and 2001–2011

 

State India/State/Union Territory/UT
  Total Population Percentage Decadal Growth
    2001 2011 1991-2001 2001-2011
1 2 3 4 5 6
  India 1,02,87,37,436 1,21,01,93,422 21.54 17.64
1 Jammu & Kashmir 1,01,43,700 1,25,48,926 29.43 23.71
2 Himachal Pradesh 60,77,900 68,56,509 17.54 12.81
3 Punjab 2,43,58,999 2,77,04,236 20.1 13.73
4 Chandigarh 9,00,635 10,54,686 40.28 17.1
5 Uttarakhand 84,89,349 1,01,16,752 20.41 19.17
6 Haryana 2,11,44,564 2,53,53,081 28.43 19.9
7 NCT of Delhi 1,38,50,507 1,67,53,235 47.02 20.96
8 Rajasthan 5,65,07,188 6,86,21,012 28.41 21.44
9 Uttar Pradesh 16,61,97,921 19,95,81,477 25.85 20.09
10 Bihar 8,29,98,509 10,38,04,637 28.62 25.07
11 Sikkim 5,40,851 6,07,688 33.06 12.36
12 Arunachal Pradesh 10,97,968 13,82,611 27 25.92
13 Nagaland 19,90,036 19,80,602 64.53 -0.47
14 Manipur 22,93,896 27,21,756 24.86 18.65
15 Mizoram 8,88,573 10,91,014 28.82 22.78
16 Tripura 31,99,203 36,71,032 16.03 14.75
17 Meghalaya 23,18,822 29,64,007 30.65 27.82
18 Assam 2,66,55,528 3,11,69,272 18.92 16.93
19 West Bengal 8,01,76,197 9,13,47,736 17.77 13.93
20 Jharkhand 2,69,45,829 3,29,66,238 23.36 22.34
21 Odisha 3,68,04,660 4,19,47,358 16.25 13.97
22 Chhattisgarh 2,08,33,803 2,55,40,196 18.27 22.59

 

        Indian and World Geography 169
23 Madhya Pradesh 6,03,48,023 7,25,97,565 24.26 20.3
24 Gujarat 5,06,71,017 6,03,83,628 22.66 19.17
25 Daman & Diu 1,58,204 2,42,911 55.73 53.54
26 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 2,20,490 3,42,853 59.22 55.5
27 Maharashtra 9,68,78,627 11,23,72,972 22.73 15.99
28 Andhra Pradesh, Telangana 7,62,10,007 8,46,65,533 14.59 11.1
29 Karnataka 5,28,50,562 6,11,30,704 17.51 15.67
30 Goa 13,47,668 14,57,723 15.21 8.17
31 Lakshadweep 60,650 64,429 17.3 6.23
32 Kerala 3,18,41,374 3,33,87,677 9.43 4.86
33 Tamil Nadu 6,24,05,679 7,21,38,958 11.72 15.6
34 Puducherry 9,74,345 12,44,464 20.62 27.52

 

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