Hydroelectricity and Thermal Power

India’s future prosperity depends to a great extend on the ability to produce and use hydroelectricity. Currently, hydroelectricity accounts for about 13.5% of the total installed capacity. is has to be increased so that increasing demand for energy is met and at the same time, precious and scarce coal and petroleum resources are saved from over exploitation. Hydroelectricity is a renewable, cheap, clean and environmentally benign source of energy and will be available to us for all times to come. River water, if not properly used, will wastefully drain into the sea. India is blessed with huge water resources and vast possibilities of producing hydroelectricity. Some of the major hydroelectric power plants are mentioned below-

Important Hydroelectric Plants in Different States of India

States Name of Hydroelectric Plants
Jammu and Kashmir Lower Jhelum, Salal on Chenab, Dool Hasti, Karrah and Banihar.
Punjab and Himachal Pradesh Bhakra-Nangal on Satluj, Dehar on Beas, Giri Bata, Andhra, Binwa, Rukti, Rongtong,
Bhabanagar, Bassi, Baira Siul, Chamera, Nathpa-Jhakri on Satluj (biggest hydel power
project in India).
Uttar Pradesh Rihand, Khodri, Chibro on Tons.
Uttarakhand Tehri dam on Bhagirathi.
Rajasthan Ranapratap Sagar and Jawahar Sagar on Chambal.
Madhya Pradesh Gandhi Sagar on Chambal, Pench, Bargi on Narmada, Bansagar-Tons.
Bihar Kosi.
Jharkahnd Subarnarekha, Maithon, Panchet, Tilaiya (all three under DVC).
Odisha Hirakud on Mahanadi, Balimela.
North-eastern states Dikhu, Doyand (both in Nagaland), Gomuti (Tripura), Loktak (Manipur), Kopili (Assam),
Khandong and Kyrdemkulai (Meghalaya), Serlui and Barabi (Mizoram), Ranganadi
(Arunachal Pradesh).
Gujarat Ukai (Tapi), Kadana (Mahi).
Maharashtra Koyana, Bhivpuri (Tata Hydroelectric Works), Khopoli, Bhola, Bhira, Purna, Vaiterna,
Paithon, Bhatnagar Beed.
Andhra Pradesh Lower Sileru, Upper Sileru, Machkund, Srisailam (Krishna).
Telangana Nizam Sagar, Nagarjun Sagar
Karnataka Tungabhadra, Saravati, Kalinadi, Mahatma Gandhi (Jog fall), Bhadra, Sivasamudram
(Kaveri), Shimasapura, Munirabad, Lungnamakki.
Kerala Iddikki (Periyar), Sabarigiri, Kuttiaddy, Sholayar, Sengulum, Pallivasal, Kallada,
Neriamangalam, Parambikulum Aliyar, Poringal, Ponniar.
Tamil Nadu Pykara, Mettur, Kodayar, Sholayar, Aliayar, Sakarpathi, Moyar, Suruliyar, Papanasam.

Thermal Power

Thermal power is the major source of energy in which coal, diesel and natural gas are used for generation of electricity. Share of thermal electricity increased very rapidly after creation of the National Thermal Corporation (NTPC) in 1975. At present, thermal power accounts for about 82% of the total installed capacity. Following are the major thermal power plants in India.

Major Thermal Power Stations in India

State Thermal Power Stations
Maharashtra Karadi, Nashik, Kaparkheda, Paras, Bhusawal, Parli, Uran, Ballarshah, Chola, Trombay, Kolhapur,
Dhobal
Gujarat Banas, Gandhinagar, Kachchh, Sabarmati, Wanskbori, Kawas, Sikka, Mahuva, Utran, Shapur,
Porbandar, Kandla, Ahmedabad, Dhuvaram, Ukai.
Andhra Pradesh Ramagudam, Kothagudam, Nallore, Vijayawada, Bhadrachalam, Manuguru.
West Bengal Bundel, Kolkata, Durgapur, Farakka, Murshidabad, Birbhum, Kalaghat, Titagarh, Mejia, Santaldih,
Gauripur.
Tamil Nadu Neyveli, Mettur, Ennore, Tuticorin.
Uttar Pradesh Obra, Harduaganj, Renusgar, Rosa, Jawaharpur, Unchohar, Rihand, Kanpur, Mau, Gorakhpur,
Dohrighat, Moradabad, Tundla, Bahraich.
Madhya Pradesh Singrauli, Satpura, Amarkantak.
Jharkhand Durgapur, Subarnarekha, Chandrapura.
Chhattisgarh Korba.
Haryana Faridabad, Panipat, Yamunanagar.
Punjab Bhatinda, Roopnagar.
Delhi Indraprastha, Rajghat, Badarpur.
Rajasthan Kota, Polana, Sawai Madhiopur, Banswara, Anta.
Assam Namrup, Bongaigaon, Chandarpur.
Odisha Telcher, Bailimela.
Bihar Barauni, Kahalgaon.

 

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