India in the Eastern World

India occupies a very important central position at the head of the Indian Ocean between West Asia and East Asia. The Deccan Peninsula juts into the Indian Ocean for about 1600 km creating Arabian Sea in the west and Bay of Bengal in the east. No other country has such a long coastline on this ocean as India has. Thus, ‘the Indian Ocean is truly Indian Ocean’. The trans-oceanic routes connecting Africa, industrially advanced Europe, petroleum rich west Asia to Southeast Asian countries, China, Japan, Australia and western coast of the USA pass through India.

The Indian Subcontinent

The vast size of India has endowed her with great diversity. There are mountains and the Indo-Ganga-Brahmaputra plain in the north, the peninsular plateau region in the south, vast sandy expanse of Marusthali in north and west and large rivers like Ganga, Brahamputra, Indus, Mahanadi, Godavari; Krishna, Kaveri, Narmada, Tapi etc owing through the length and breadth of the country. Bounded by the Himalayas in the north, Hindukush and Sulaiman ranges in the north-west, Purvanchal hills in the north-west, and by the large expanse of the Indian Ocean in the south, it forms a great geographic entity known as the Indian subcontinent. It includes the countries—–Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and India.

States and Union Territories of India

Sr. No. State Capital Area Population Density
(in sq. km.) (2011) (per sq. km)
1. Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad 160,200 49 million 306
2. Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar 83,743 13,82,611 17
3. Assam Dispur 78,438 3,11,69,272 397
4. Bihar Patna 94,163 10,38,04,637 1,102
5. Chhattisgarh Raipur 1,36,034 2,55,40,196 189
6. Goa Panaji 3,702 14,57,723 394
7. Gujarat Gandhinagar 1,96,024 6,03,83,628 308
8. Haryana Chandigarh 44,212 2,53,53,081 573
9. Himachal Pradesh Shimla 55,673 68,56,509 123
10. Jammu & Kashmir Srinagar 2,22,236 1,25,48,926 124
11. Jharkhand Ranchi 79,714 3,29,66,238 414
12. Karnataka Bangalore 1,91,791 6,11,30,704 319
13. Kerala uvananthapuram 38,863 3,33,87,677 859
14. Madhya Pradesh Bhopal 3,08,000 7,25,97,565 236
15. Maharashtra Mumbai 3,07,713 11,23,72,972 365
16. Manipur Imphal 22,327 27,21,756 122
17. Meghalaya Shillong 22,429 29,64,007 132
18. Mizoram Aizawl 21,081 10,91,014 52
19. Nagaland Kohima 16,579 19,80,602 119
20. Odisha Bhubaneswar 1,55,707 4,19,47,358 269
21. Punjab Chandigarh 50,362 2,77,04,236 550
22. Rajasthan Jaipur 3,42,239 6,86,21,012 201
23. Sikkim Gangtok 7,096 6,07,688 86
24. Tamil Nadu Chennai 1,30,058 7,21,38,958 555
25. Telangana Hyderabad 114,800 35 million 305
26. Tripura Agartala 10,486 36,71,032 350
27. Uttar Pradesh Lucknow 2,38,566 19,95,81,477 828
28. Uttarakhand Dehra Dun 55,845 1,01,16,752 189
29. West Bengal Kolkata 88,752 9,13,47,736 1,029
UNION TERRITORIES
1. Andaman & Nicobar Is. Port Blair 8,249 3,79,944 46
2. Chandigarh Chandigarh 114 10,54,686 9,252
3. Dadra & Nagar Haveli Silvassa 491 3,42,853 698
4. Daman & Diu Daman 112 2,42,911 2,169
5. Delhi Delhi 1,483 1,67,53,235 11,297
6. Lakshadweep Kavaratti 32 64,429 2,013
7. Puducherry Puducherry 492 12,44,464 2,598
INDIA Delhi 32,87,263 1,21,01,93,422 382

 

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