Currents of the Pacific Ocean

From the point of view of study of ocean currents, the Pacific Ocean is divided into North Pacific and South Pacific-

Currents of the North Pacific Ocean

North Equatorial Current: It was across the ocean from east to west. Starting from the west coast of Central America, it reaches the Philippine Islands in the Western Pacific Ocean.

Kuroshio Current: On reaching the Philippine Islands, the north equatorial current turns towards the north along the coasts of Taiwan and Japan and is known as Kuroshio current.

North Pacic Current: After reaching the south-east coast of Japan, the Kuroshio current comes under the influence of the prevailing westerlies and flows from west to east. H ere it is known as North Pacific Current.

Californian Current: The North Pacific Current is bifurcated into the two currents on reaching the west coast of North America. Its one branch goes towards the north and the other is turned towards the south. The southward current flows along the coast of California as a cool current. It is known as Californian Current.

British Columbia or Alaska Current: The northern branch of the North Pacific Current flows anticlockwise along the coast of British Columbia and Alaska and is known as the British Columbia or Alaska Currents.

OyaShio Cold Current: It starts from Bering Strait and flows southwards as a cold current along the east coast of Kamchatka Peninsula.

Okhotsk Current: Another cold current in the North Pacic is the Okhotsk Current which was past Sakhalin to merge with the Oya Shio Current ookkaido. Due to the meeting of warm Kuroshio current from the south and cold Oya Shio current from the north, a very dense fog occurs near the coast of Japan.

Currents of the South Pacific Ocean

South Equatorial Current: It was almost parallel to the equator from the coast of Central America towards the east coast of Australia.

East Australian Current: The south equatorial current turns towards the south on reaching the coast of New Guinea under the influence of Coriolis force. It is a warm current which was along the east coast of Australia. Hence, it is known as East Australian Warm Current.

South Pacific Current:  The East Australian current turns towards to east under the influence of the westerlies and is known as South Pacific Current.

Peru Current: On reaching the south-western coast of South America the South Pacific current turns northward and was along the Peru Coast as the Peru Current.

Counter Equatorial Current: Between the North and the South Equatorial Currents, a current was from west to east which is known as the Counter Equatorial Current. The North and the South Equatorial Currents cause accumulation of water in the western parts which disturbs the surface level. is difference in level makes the Counter Equatorial current w eastward.


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