Sex Ratio

Census of India denes sex ratio as number of females per thousand males. Sex ratio in India has been historically negative i.e. unfavourable to females. In the pre-independence period, the sex ratio declined consistently upto 1951 when it rose marginally. In the post independence period, trend continued and it reached a low of 930 in 1971. Aer that varying trends have been noticed with an all time low of 927 in 1991. It reached 933 in 2001 and 940 in 2011.

Sex Ratio–India : 1901-2001

Census years Sex ratio Census year Sex ratio
1901 972 1961 941
1911 964 1971 930
1921 955 1981 934
1931 950 1991 927
1941 945 2001 933
1951 946 2011 940

Sex ratio in India is below the world average of 984 and much below U.S.A. (1025), Japan (1055) and Russian Federation (1140). Even the neighbouring countries like Pakistan (943), Bangladesh (978), Nepal (1014), and Myanmar (1048) are much better than India with respect to sex ratio.

Following table gives the ranking of states and union territories of India with respect to sex ratio in 2011. It shows that Kerala has the highest sex ratio of 1084 followed by Puducherry 1038. In all, 18 states and union territories have sex ratio higher the national average of 940. The remaining 17 states and union territories have sex ratio lower than the national average in states and union territories arranged in descending order of sex ratio: 2011

India/State/ Sex Ratio
Union Territory#
Kerala 1,084
Puducherry# 1,038
Tamil Nadu 995
Andhra Pradesh 992
Chhattisgarh 991
Manipur 987
Maghalaya 986
Odisha 978
Mizoram 975
Himachal Pradesh 974
Karnataka 968

 

Goa 968
Uttarakhand 963
Tripura 961
Assam 954
Jharkhand 947
West Bengal 947
Lakshadweep# 946
INDIA 940
Nagaland 931
Madhya Pradesh 930
Rajasthan 926
Maharashtra 925
Arunachal Pradesh 920
Gujarat 918
Bihar 916
Uttar Pradesh 908
Punjab 893
Sikkim 889
Jammu & Kashmir 883
Andaman & Nicobar Islands# 878
Haryana 877
NCT of Delhi# 866
Chandigarh# 818
Dadra & Nagar Haveli# 775

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