National Highways

The main roads which are constructed and maintained by the Central Public Works Department (CPWD) are known as the National Highways. These roads connect the state capitals, big cities and important ports. ere was a road length of 19,700 km designated as National Highways in 1950-51 which increased to 70,934 km in 2013. The national highways constitute only 2 per cent of the total road length but carry about 40 per cent of the trac. National Highways link extreme parts of the country. A number of major National Highways run in north-south and east-west directions. The historical Sher Shah Suri Marg is called National Highway-1, between Delhi and Amritsar and National Highway-2 between Delhi and Kolkata. National Highway-3 links Agra to Mumbai viza. Gwalior.

National Highway-6 is the second longest trunk route (1949 km) and runs between Kolkata and Dhule via Sambalpur, Raipur and Nagpur. National Highway-7 is the longest one and traverses 2,369 km between Varanasi and Kanniyakumari via Jabalpur, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Bangalore and Madurai. Delhi and Mumbai are connected by National Highway-8. National Highway-15 covers most of the Rajasthan desert. National Highways Development Project (NHDP) is a massive programme for developing the National Highways. It is being implemented by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) in the following phases:

NHDL Phase I & II: Envisage 4 – 6 laning of about 14,000 km of National Highways, at an estimated cost of about Rs 65,000 crore at 2004 prices. These two phases comprise Golden Quadrilateral (GQ), North-South and East-West corridor (NSEW), Port Connectivity and Other Projects. The GQ consists of 5846 km and connects four major cities, viz., Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. The NSEW corridor comprising a length of 7142 km connects Srinagar in the North to Kanyakumari in the South including a spur from Salem to Kochi and Silchar in the East to Porbandar in the West, respectively. The NHDP also includes Port Connectivity Project comprising a length of 380 km for improvement of roads connecting 12 major ports in the country and other projects involving a length of 965 km are also included.

NHDP Phase III: NHDP Phase-III involves 4-laning of 12,109 km of NHS having high density corridor connecting State capitals, important tourist places, economically important areas, etc. on PPP basis at an estimated cost of Rs 80,628 crore.

NHDP Phase IV: It involves upgration / strengthening of 20,000 km of single / intermediate / two lane National Highways to two lanes with paved shoulders on BOT (Toll) and BOT (Annuity) basis.

NHDP Phase V: It involves six laning of 6,500 km of NHs comprising 5,700 km of GQ and balance 800 km of other sections of NHs at a cost of Rs 41,210 crore.

NHDP Phase VI: It involves construction of 1,000 km of expressways with full access control on new alignments at a cost of Rs 16,680.

NHDP Phase VII: It involves construction of 700 km of ring roads of major towns and bypasses and construction of other stand-alone structures such as yovers, elevated roads, tunnels, underpasses, grade separated interchanges etc. on National Highways at a cost of Rs 16,680 crore.

The overall progress of NHDP as on December, 2012 is as under:

Phases Total 4/6 laned Under implementation Balance
(km) (km) km contracts forward
(No)
GQ 5,846 5,846 0 8
NS & EW Corridors 7,142 6,053 722 59 367
Port connectivity 380 318 62 4 0
Other NHs 1,390 964 406 4 20
SARDP-NE 388 49 63 2 276
NHDP Phase
III 12,109 4,602 5,734 90 1,773
IV 20,000 62 4,300 31 15,638
V 6,500 1,276 2,804 28 2,420
VII 700 19 22 2 659

India: Some Important National Highways

No Route Length (km)
1. Delhi-Ambala-Jalandhar-Amritsar 456
1A Jalandhar-Madhopur-Jammu-Srinagar-Baramula-Uri 663
1B. Batot-Doda-Kishtwar 107
2. Delhi-Mathura-Agra-Kanpur-Allahabad-Varanasi-Mohania-Barthi-Kolkata 1490
3. Agra-Gwalior-Shivpuri-Indore-Dhulia-Nashik-ane-Mumbai 1161
4. ane-Pune-Belgaum-Hubli-Bengaluru-Ranipet-Chennai 1235
4A. Belgaum-Anmode-Ponda-Panaji 153
5. Bahargagora-Cuttack-Bhubaneshwar-Vishakhapatanam-Vijyawada-Chennai 1533
6. Dhule-Nagpur-Raipur-Sambalpur-Baharagora-Kolkata 1645
7. Varanasi-Rewa-Jabalpur-Nagpur-Hyderabad-Bangalore-Madurai-Kanniyakumari 2369
8. Delhi-Jaipur-Ajmer-Udaipur-Ahmadabad-Vadodara-Mumbai 1428
9. Pune-Solapur-Hyderabad-Vijayawada 791
10. Delhi-Fazilka 403
11. Agra-Bharatpur-Jaipur-Bikaner 582
12. Jabalpur-Bhopal-Kota-Bundi-Jaipur 890
13. Solapur-Chitradurga 491
14. Beawar-Sirohi-Radhanpur 450
15. Pathankot-Bathinda-Bikaner-Jaisalmer 1526
16. Barmer-Samkhiyali-Jagdalpur 460
17. Panvel-Mangalore-Edapalli 1269
18. Kurnool-Nandyal-Cuddapah-Chittoor 369
19. Pathankot-Mandi 220
20. Chandigarh-Ropar-Mandi-Kulu-Manali 323
21. Ambala-Kalka-Shimla-Narkanda-Rampur-Chini 462
22. Chas-Ranchi-Rourkela-Talwar 459
23. Delhi-Bareilly-Lucknow 438
24. Lucknow-Kanpur-Jhansi-Shivpuri 319
25. Jhansi-Lakhnaden 396
26. Allahabad-Mangawan 93
27. Baauni-Muzarpur-Gorakhpur-Lucknow 570
27A. Pipra-Sagauli-Razaul 68
28. Gorakhpur-Ghazipur-Varanasi 198
29. Mohania-Patna-Bakhtiyarpur 230
30. Bakhtiyarpur-Siliguri-Nalbari-Aminagaon 1125
30A. Sivok-Gangtok 92
31. Govindpur-Dhanbad-Jamshedpur 179
32. Barthi-Ranchi 352
33. Dalkhola-Barasat-Kolkata 443
34. Barasat-Bangaon 61
35. Nagaon-Dabaka-Dimapur 170
36. Goalpara-Guwahati-Kamargaon-Saikhoa Ghat 680

 

Indian and World Geography 157
37. Makum-Ledo-Lekhapani 54
38. Numiligarh-Imphal-Palel 436
39. Jorhat-Shillong-Dawki 161
40. Kolaghat-Haldia 51
41. Sambalpur-Angul-Cuttak 261
42. Raipur-Vizianagaram 560
43. Shillong-Passi-Badarpur-Agartala 495
44. Chennai-Tiruchchirappalli-Dindigul 387
45. Krishnagiri-Ranipet 132
46. Salem-Coimbatore-uvananthapuram-Kanniyakumari 640
47. Bangalore-Hassan-Mangalore 328
48. Kochi-Madurai-Dhanushknodi 440
49. Nashik-Pune 192
50. Pekana-Tura-Dalu 149
51. Baihata-Charali-Tezpur-Lakhimpur-Sekhoghat 850
52. Badarpur-Zirighat-Imphal-Silchar 320
53. Silchar-Aizawl 560
54. Siliguri-Darjeeling 77
55. Lucknow-Varanasi 285

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