Tiger Reserve and National Park

Neora Valley National Park (1986)

This National Park is located in the Kalimpong Subdi vision under the District of Darjeeling. The Neora River is the major river of the National park. It is the lend of elegant panda. It has virgin natural forests, dense bamboo groves, rhododendron trees, lush green valleys. The park reaches up to an elevation of over 3500 meters above the sea level. It is characterized with tropical subtropical, temperate and alpine vegetation. The forest consists of rhododendron, bamboo, oak, ferns, sal, etc. The valley also has numerous species of orchids.

Pakhui Tiger Reserve (1966)

Located in the East Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh, the Pakhui Tiger Reserve sprawls over 862 sq km. The elevation of the reserve varies from 100 m to 2000 meters above the sea level. The sanctuary slopes southwards towards the river valley of the Brahmaputra River. The habitat types are lowland semi-evergreen, evergreen forests and broad-leaf deciduous forest. It is characterized by tigers, leopards, clouded leopards, wild dog, and jackal. In addition to these, there are elephants, barking deer, gaur, sambhar, bison, monkeys and capped langurs.

Palamau Tiger Reserve (1974)

The Palamau protected area was designated as the Tiger Reserve in 1974. The North Koel River runs through the reserve. The initial count in 1974 when the tiger reserve was created was only 50 tigers. In 1989, there were 65 elephants in the reserve. Apart from tigers and elephants, leopard, gaur, sambhar and wild dogs are also found in the reserve. Increased pressure from human activities including illegal settlements and poaching have reduced the number of tigers.

Pench Tiger Reserve (1977)

This Tiger Reserve gets its name from the Pench River, that flows from north to south about 74 km through the reserve. The Reserve lies in the southern lower reaches of the Satpura Range along the southern border of Madhya Pradesh. Ecologically it has tropical moist deciduous forests and the dry deciduous forests. Teak is a ubiquitous species in the region. The main fauna includes tigers, leopards, dhole, wild-cat, small India civet, wolves,, stripped hyena, sloth bear, jackal, common palm-civet, chital, sambhar, nilgai and wild pigs.

Ranthambore (1980)

Situated in the Sawai-Madhopur District of south-eastern Rajasthan, Ranthanbore is one of the largest National Parks in northern India. The park is bounded by the Banas River in the north and by the Chambal River in the south. The Sawai Madhopur National park is known for its tigers. Tigers can be easily spotted even in the day time. Other major animals include leopard, nilgai, sambar, sloth bear, wild-boar, gray langur, macaque and chital. The park has deciduous forests. The park has more than 500 flowering species.

Sariska Tiger Reserve(1955)

Located in the District of Alwar in the Aravallis of Rajasthan State, it is known for the Bengal Tigers. It is the tiger reserve in the world to have successfully relocated tigers. The other wild animals include leopard, jungle cat, striped hyena, golden jackal, chital, sambhar, nilgai, chinkara, four horned antilope, wild boar, hare, langur and monkeys. The dominant tree in the forest are dhak, salar, ka daya, gol, ber, kair, bargad, arjun, gugal, bamboo, shrubs and jhar-ber.

Satkosia Tiger Reserve (1976)

Located in the Angul District of Odisha, the Satkosia Sanctuary was created in 1976 and was designated as Tiger Reserve in 2007. It is along the 22 km gorge of Mahanadi River. The major plant communities are mixed deciduous forests including sal and riverine forests.

Silent Valley National Park (1980)

Located in the Palakkad District of Kerala, it is one of the last undisturbed tracts of the Western Ghats. The majority of the plants of this National Park are endemic. It is characterized with tropical moist evergreen forests on India. It is the core of the Nilgiri International Biosphere Reserve and a part of the Western Ghats World Heritage Site, recognized by the UNESCO in 2007. The Kunthipuzha River drains the entire 15 km length of the park.

The Silent Valley has a rich diversity of fauna and flora. The threatened lion-tailed macaque, Nilgiri langur, Nilgiri tahr, bats, and hairy winged bat, Malabar giant squirrel, spotted deer, barking deer, mouse deer, elephant and gaur. Moreover, tiger, leopard (panther), leopard cat, jungle cat, fishing cat, common palm civet, small Indian civet, clawless otter, sloth bear, porcupine, wild boar, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, mouse deer, elephant and gaur.

Simlipal National Park and Biosphere Reserve (1994)

Simlipal Nationa Park/Biosphere Reserve is located in Mayurbhanj District of Odisha. It represents moist deciduous forests including tropical evergreen and dry deciduous forests. Simlipal lies almost on Tropic of Cancer. It is a high plateau with steep slopes overlooking the plain surfaces. Simlipal is a predominantly tribal landscape with a heavy dependence on forest resource for their livelihood. The major tribes include Bathudi, Bhumija, Kolho, Santhal, Ho, Munda, Gonda and Bhuyans. Among mammals, Simlipal is known for its population of rare tigers and elephants. It also enjoys the status of a tiger and elephant reserve.

Sanjay National Park (1881)

Located in the Singrauli and Sidhi districts of Madhya Pradesh, it is a national park and tiger reserve. The main flora consists of deciduous especially sal and teak. The main animals consists of tiger, leopard, nilgai, spotted deer, chnkara, civet, lizards and more than 300 birds.

Sirohi National Park (1982)

Located in the state of Manipur, the Sirohi National Park is famous for tigers and leopards. The main peak of this National Park (Shirui Kashong) near Ukhrul abounds with flowers during the monsoon season.

Satpura National Park (1981)

Located in the Hofishingabad District of Madhya Pradesh, it sprawls over 424 sq km. It has the Dhupgarh Peak (1350 m). The Satpura National Park is very rich in biodiversity. The flora consists of dry deciduous forests. The fauna includes tiger, leopard, sambhar, chital, four-horned antelope (Chausingha), chinkara, gaur, wild dog, black-buck, fox, ying sq uirrel, mouse deer and numerous birds.

Tadoba Andhari National Park (1955)

Located in Chandrapur, it is the oldest and the largest National Park of Maharashtra. It has been named after the And hari River which meanders through the National Park. In 1995 it was declared as the Tiger Reserve. There are 43 tigers in the reserve, one of the highest in the country. The elevation of the hill ranges from 200 m to 350 m. The lake Tadoba which acts as a buffer between the park�s forest and the extensive farm land extends up to the Lrai Water Reserve.

This National Park has predominantly tropical dry deciduous forest. Teak is the main tree species. Other deciduous trees include Ain (crocodile bark), bija, dhauda, hald, salai, tendu, behta, hirda, karaya, mahua, and madhuca. Apart from Bengal tiger, Tadoba Tiger Reserve is home to Indian leopard, sloth bear, gaur, nilgai, dhole (wild dog), stripped hyena, small Indian civet, jungle cats, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, chital, chausingha and honey badgar.

Valmiki Tiger Reserve

Located in the West Champaran District in the north-west corner of Bihar, Valmiki Tiger Reserve is one of the natural virgin land. The Gandak River forms the western boun dary of Valmiki National Park. The other rivers passing t hrough or along the borders of the national park are Burhi Gandak, Pandai, Pachnad, Sohna. The main vegetation include champa trees, sheesham, bhabhar and terai grasses. The main fauna of the Valmiki National Park includes tiger, rhinocerous, leopard, black deer, wild dog, wild buffalo, wild boar, barking deer, spotted deer, hog deer, sambhar, neel-gai, hyena, leopard cat, wild cat, fifishing cat, langur, monkeys, flying fox ( a type of bat) and flying squirrel. Among the reptiles, python, king cobra, krait, do-muha snake are important.

Written by princy

No comments yet.

Leave a Reply