Strategy for Mitigation of Climatic Change
Some of the important steps to be taken to overcome the problem of climate change are as follows
Afforestation by the government agencies, and NGOs in the degraded forest areas, and social forestry by the community and other agencies is an important step towards improving the ecosystems. Afforestation will increase the forest area and tree density in a geographical region. These trees will work as a sink for carbon dioxide emitted by both natural and anthropogenic sources. The degraded hilly and forest areas may be designated as forest areas, national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and eco-tourist sites.
Development of Non-Conventional Sources of Energy
Conventional sources of energy are the biggest generators of greenhouse gases. There is a need to develop alternate sources of non-conventional energy, especially, solar energy, hydroelectricity, wind energy, hydrogen and biomass, tidal and geothermal energy.
The problem of global warming and climate change needs to be addressed at the international, national, regional and local levels. Thus the strategy should be based on multi-level planning for the reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases. Moreover, there is need to face the challenges of floods, droughts, wildfires, pollution and epidemics. Adaptive measures in the form of socio-cultural infrastructure can help in developing an awareness about the sustainability of the ecosystems and environment. Education Environmental studies should be a compulsory part of the curricula at the school, college and university levels.
This requires a professional development teachers at the state and national levels. The students need to be given t raining about the vulnerability and sustainability at the campus. Grass root groups should be trained to provide information on climate change to local citizens, particularly on how to take action to reduce CO2 emissions. There should be public debates, seminars, conferences, and programmes on radio and television documentaries on environment and ecosystems.
Hydrogen Energy In the opinion of some of the experts, hydrogen is the ultimate source of energy as it is the most common element in our universe. Hydrogen based fuel-cells operate by reacting pure hydrogen with oxygen to generate electricity. The energy is released that is then converted into electricity, with water as the only by-product. Unfortunately, pure hydrogen must be created through the hydrolysis process of water which is an expensive process. The hydrolysis process largely relies on the conventional sources of energy. Thus, there are significant technological barriers to the widespread adoption of hydrogen power.
Biomass Energy Biomass (plant material) can also be a significant source of energy for the production of electricity and for transportation. The three main biomass sources are: wood, waste, and bio-fuels. Biomass can be used to create alcohol fuels such as ethanol, or diesel fuels. The use of biomass energy creates fewer greenhouse gases than conventional fossil fuel.
Control on Population
Growth in the Developing Countries
Rapid growth of population in the developing countries is a serious problem. All efforts of development are negated by the rapid growth of population. There is an urgent need to develop awareness especially among the rural and urban poor about the size of family. The masses should follow the slogan ï¿½small family is beautifulï¿½.
Reduction of Consumerism in the Developed Countries
Most the resources are consumed by the people of developed countries. In many of the countries like USA and Canada, there is a stage of over-consumption of power, biotic and exhaustible resources. These countries, in order to maintain a high standard of living are emitting more greenhouse gases. They have to develop an awareness in their population about the reduction in the consumption of resources.
Written by princy